Home Assets

How to Remove a Garbage Disposal & Return to Original Sink Drain

If you must remove a garbage disposal and return to the original sink drain, take heart. The job is moderately easy. However, preparation and organization are keys to making the work go quickly, safely and efficiently. You can finish in two to three hours. The most important thing is to gain a thorough understanding of what’s involved. Review the materials needed list, and inspect the garbage disposal, drain plumbing and all connections before starting. Waste disposal Northern Beaches inspect all your bins before leaving the area.

1. Unplug the garbage disposal from the wall socket. If your unit is hardwired to your house, you’ll need the additional instructions in Step 2. If not, skip to Step 3. Do not begin working with the disposal until you are certain there is no power reaching the unit.

2. If your unit is hard wired into your home, turn off the circuit breaker to the garbage disposal. Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to remove the plate covering the wire connections on the disposal, and disconnect the exposed wires. Remove the plate covering the junction box, untwist the wire caps securing the disposal wires to your home and set the disposal’s wires aside. Twist the wire caps over the exposed wires in the junction box, push the wires back inside the box and reattach the junction box plate. Use a noncontact voltage tester to ensure no electricity is leaking from the wires inside the box. Adjust the sensitivity of the voltage tester to respond only when it touches or nearly touches the junction box. Hold the tip of the pen against the junction box. A beep or LED light indicates there’s voltage. No beep or no light means there’s no voltage coming from the box.

3. There will be a drain pipe extending from the side of the garbage disposal to the drain on the adjacent sink. It will be secured with slotted screws. Use a flat-head screwdriver to remove it from the disposal. If you have a dishwasher, you will need to detach a dishwasher hose from the disposal.

4. A snap ring secures the garbage disposal to the mounting bracket. Slide a flat-head screwdriver under the snap ring to pry it open and off the flange. Since there is a chance the screwdriver will slip as you’re working, you may want to wear work gloves for this step.

5. Use caution as the garbage disposal comes loose. It will be heavy. You might want to place clean rags or towels below the dishwasher to protect the floor.

6. Once the disposal is out of the way, remove the mounting bracket. It will be attached by three Phillips-head screws. Unscrew it from the bottom of the sink.

Replacing Sink Drain

1. Use a pipe wrench to carefully loosen then remove the nut securing the drain flange. You will then be able to push the sink drain portion up through the sink for removal.

2. Use a putty knife to clean up the plumbers putty from around the drain hole. You may need to use a razor blade for stubborn bits. Then rub down the area with a scrubbing pad and water. If any putty remains, you may need to scrub the area with rubbing alcohol or mineral spirits.

3. Roll out a 1/8-inch rope of plumber’s putty, long enough to go around the circumference of the new drain. Place the rope around the underside lip of the drain. Set the drain into the sink opening, and press down firmly. Wipe away any excess plumber’s putty.

4. Your new sink drain will come with a flat washer. From underneath the sink, place the washer over the drain’s threads, and press it up against the bottom of the sink. Use the large retaining nut that came with your new sink drain to secure the drain. You’ll be able to hand-tighten it to a point, but you must secure it firmly with channel-lock pliers. At this point you may want to ask a helper to hold the sink drain down tightly against the sink. Or you can place enough weight (bags of sand, flour, sugar, anything heavy) on top of the drain. Wipe away any excess plumber’s putty.

Install New Drain Pipes

1. Locate the PVC drain tail piece. Measure it to ensure that it drops the correct height for installing the elbow and connector pipe to the T-fitting under the adjacent sink. If necessary, trim with a fine-tooth hacksaw. Once you’ve achieved a good fit, hand-tighten the tail piece to the sink drain. You can use plumber’s tape to ensure a watertight seal, but it’s not a requirement.

2. Attach the elbow fitting to the tail pipe. Measure the distance between the end of the elbow and the T-fitting under the adjacent sink. Cut the connector pipe, if necessary, to the proper length. Connect the pipe to the elbow and T-fitting using the nuts and washers provided with your PVC pipe kit and the existing nut and washer on the T-fitting. The plastic nuts should be hand-tightened. Using channel-lock pliers or a pipe wrench is not recommended.

3. For a dishwasher drain, you must replace the drain pipe that runs from the P-trap to the wall with a pipe made for dishwasher drains. Disconnect the old pipe, and measure it to get the length for the new pipe that has a connector for the dishwasher drain.

Things You Will Need

  • New sink drain with basket
  • New sink drain pipe kit (PVC, single or double, depending on your sink)
  • Hacksaw with fine-tooth blade
  • Phillips-head screwdriver
  • Flat-head screwdriver
  • Channel-lock pliers
  • Pipe wrench
  • Plumber’s putty
  • Plumber’s tape (optional)
  • Small putty knife
  • Razor blade
  • Scrubbing pad
  • Rubbing alcohol or mineral spirits
  • Tape measure
  • Flashlight
  • Rags or towels
  • Firm-grip work gloves
  • Small tub or bucket

Tips

  • Always keep your flashlight handy. You’ll be working in a dark space.
  • Assess how your disposal and drain pipes are attached before starting.

Planning the Perfect Event – Some Tips

Event Planning is not for the fainthearted. The expectations on the Event Planner are high, and regardless of whether the event is a fundraiser, a corporate event, or a special social event, there is usually a lot riding on the success of the event. Corporate events is your source for beyond fun company event ideas, offering the perfect programs to take your event to the next level.

In my experience, this expectation is the same whether you are volunteering or charging for your services. Your Client has a vision, and expects you to deliver the dream.

This article is being published in two parts to keep it at a reasonable length. Part One will look at issues such as venue choice, event decoration, seating arrangements, and food and drinks.

So, where do you start?

Get as much information as possible from your client about the type of event that they want. To do this effectively, you must build up a rapport with your client. You need to get inside their head. During this process, you need to glean the following information:

The purposeof the event i.e. informational, fundraiser, social, special event etc.
The nameand or theme of the event. Sometimes the Client would already have thought of the name, at other times, they might want you to come up with a name. The challenge is to ensure that the name is catchy and relates to the purpose of the event.
The date and timeof the event – there are some general dates to avoid, and a good planner should advise the client of these dates e.g. it is well known that July and August are not good months for corporate events, whilst recent surveys have shown that in the year 2010, September weekends were the most popular for weddings.
The key featureof the event e.g. is there going to be a popular performer or Guest Speaker? Perhaps there is some special fundraising activity e.g. an auction of holiday destinations.

Venue

Consider the physical needs for the event as this will help you to set the ambience. For example,

A wedding would be better suited to a banqueting hall, or hotel venue;
Seminars, conferences or training sessions might take place at a special conference room or business centre;
A ball or dinner dance might take place in a dance hall.

Failure to choose the right venue can make or break your event. If the venue is too small, guests will be uncomfortable and there is the possibility of disgruntled guests leaving before the end of the event, and perhaps asking for refund of their ticket costs. On the other hand if the venue is too large, it becomes difficult to build up atmosphere and rapport between the guests, resulting in a glum event.

The fact of the matter is, there is a venue to suit every event so develop and maintain a list of the most popular venues in your area!

Event Decoration

The decoration at the event, goes a long way towards providing the right ambience for the event. Some venues have their own event decorators and often times the quoted venue hire fees will include an element for decorations.

Particularly, in the case of social and special events, it is well worth investing in getting the venue tastefully decorated. That way you are guaranteed not only a lovely atmosphere, but beautiful photographs to remind you of your special day.

Beware of family and friends who volunteer to take care of the decorating. Try to advise the client that it is well worth spending the extra cash on engaging a professional to do this. Unless the friend or family member is a professional, the job is always usually rushed or substandard.

Personally, I do not take on jobs where there are likely to be family and friends involved, unless I am providing on the day co-ordination services where whatever happens before the day is not really within my remit.

Tables and chairs

Again, the right choice of furniture is essential for creating that special effect. So for example:

A seminar set up in theatre style will only require chairs, apart from the table for the guest speakers.
On the other hand, it is now common place to cover banqueting chairs for weddings, decorated with either sashes or flowers or a combination.
One of the problems that I have encountered as an event planner, is that the seating capacity quoted by venue hirers for table sittings can be quite unrealistic. They might tell you that a table will take 8 to 10 chairs, when in reality, you could only comfortably fit 6 to 8 chairs around the table. If this is not verified beforehand, this could significantly affect the seating arrangements of your Guests on the day.

Food and drink

This can be another tricky area. Some events come with a cheap hire rate on condition that you have to use their catering services and or bar. The result is that a venue that first appeared quite reasonable, could suddenly become unaffordable. The key here is to shop around and don’t be afraid to negotiate prices with venues based on the package that you get from each.

In the case of fundraising events where you might want to sell refreshments, it is important that you find out from the outset whether any special licences are required. Sometimes the venue will sort this out for you, other times you might have to sort this out yourself and a good planner should be able to assist you with this.

In Part Two of this article we will look at equipment, safety and security, and advertising.

Copyright Cay Moore 2010

Cay Moore is the owner of Cay Moore Associates a professional services provider specialising in Office Solutions, Desk Top Publishing and Events Management Service.

Website: [http://www.caymooreassociates.com]

Email: cay@caymooreassociates.com

Telephone: 07957459136

Twitter: @Cay_Moore

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Cay_Moore/657325

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How to Remove A Garbage Disposal

Step 1: Remove Drain Attachments and Wiring from Garbage Disposal

The garbage disposal has several attachments (Fig. 1); including an electrical supply (either direct wired or plugged into an outlet), a drain from the dishwasher, a drain to the sink trap and the disposal is mounted to the bottom of the sink as part of the sink drain assembly. Rubbish removal northern beaches Sydney has an amazing guys for cleaning up your rubbish in your office.

  • If your disposal plugs into an outlet, simply unplug it. If it is direct wired, you may be able to leave the connection if the wires are long enough, but if you are replacing the disposal, the wires will have to be removed. To be safe, turn the power off at the electrical panel. You may decide it is not necessary to turn the power off at the panel, as long as the switch to the disposal remains turned off. If you do not turn the power off at the panel, you should put tape over the disposal switch, so it does not get turned on by mistake. But whatever you do, do not leave bare wires underneath the sink! There should be a panel on the disposal to remove to see the where the electric wires connect, then you can loosen the electrical wires with a screw driver. In my case, I simply unplugged the disposal from the outlet.
  • Next, disconnect the drain line from the dishwasher by loosening the hose clamps with a screw driver and sliding the hose off. Keep your bucket handy to catch any water in the line.
  • Then, disconnect the hose clamp from the drain line to the trap the same way.

Step 2: Removal of Garbage Disposal from Sink

Now that all the connections have been removed from the disposal, the disposal itself can be removed from the sink. The disposal is usually mounted below the sink by a “Quick-lock” ring.

  • First, You should be able to loosen the disposal from the mounting assembly that holds it to the sink by using a screw driver for leverage at the points shown in Figure 2.
  • Put the screw driver in one of the lugs and applying pressure in a counter-clockwise direction as if looking from the bottom up to the disposal. If the disposal does not turn, try tapping on the flanges with a hammer.
  • Once it starts to turn, it should remove easily. Remove the disposal, but be careful, when it releases from the mounting assembly, it may feel heavier than you think.

Step 3: Remove the Disposal Mounting Assembly from the Sink

The entire drain assembly should be removed so the seals can be inspected. There are five parts to the ring assembly (Fig. 3 and 4).

The top part of the assembly (inside the sink) is the ring around the drain (drain flange) that gives it a clean finished appearance and allows water to drain into the disposal. The rubber or heavy paper gasket helps prevent the drain from leaking. Leaking can also be prevented with plumber’s putty.

The bottom part of the assembly (below the sink) includes the triangular shaped upper mounting ring, the lower mounting ring which has the three screws and a snap ring to hold the upper mounting ring to the lower mounting ring.

  • First, loosen the tension on the three screws until there is enough room to see the snap ring. The snap ring sits in a groove at the lower end of the flange on the upper mounting ring. Use a small flat bladed screwdriver to dig the snap ring out of the groove.
  • Once the snap ring is removed, the lower mounting ring will slide off.
  • Now, you can pull out the drain flange and seal from the inside of the sink.
  • Remove any old plumber’s putty.
  • The Disposal is re-mounted or replaced by following these same steps in reverse order.

New Pool Finish Care

Ok, so you passed on the new big screen TV, gave in on the weekend fishing trip with your best buddies and worked some extra hard hours so that you could get the pool resurfaced. After all you must put into priority what really counts most, right? Well never the less your pool has a new coat of plaster weather it’s a Quartz Finish, a Stone Finish or Conventional Marcite (is that stuff still around?) makes no difference. Hopefully you found the right contractor to do the job and everything went smoothly? Let’s leave that for another article. So your pool is filling and what you do next could absolutely decide how long your new plaster will look new and how long it will last. I kid you not, start-up, aka fire-up of the new finish is one of the most important parts of the re-plastering process. So, you have finally decided to take the plunge and dive-in head first into your swimming pool removal Sydney.

I have found that although you may have used a reputable pool contractor to do a superb job of the actual re-finishing does not necessarily mean they will do a proper fire-up once the pool is filled. Might be that plastering is their forte and only offer the fire-up as a courtesy because there competition does, or they may not offer it all due to the liability of damaging the new finish. So it would certainly behoove you to know exactly what is necessary to safeguard the integrity and warranty of your pool finish. After all, that weekend fishing trip would look pretty good after having your pool refinished only to be stained, streaked and discolored.

The consensus has been: once the pool is filled you need to get the water cleared and balanced as soon as possible (contractor needs that check) That usually meant shocking the pool heavily, balancing the alkalinity, PH and vacuuming the pool to remove the plaster dust and any debris that might have entered the pool during the refill. All done in one day and usually on the day the pool was finished filling.

BIG MISTAKE!

Back in the 70’s & 80’s the plaster of choice (only choice) was conventional Marcite and a recurring problem builders were having with the plaster was a condition known as spot etching. Some other conditions that were prevalent in these same pools were streaking, grey swirls and yellowing of the finish. Everyone in the industry had their own opinion or expert advice as to why this was happening, the only problem was that the industry as a whole could not agree on the “why”. The National Spa & Pool Industry (NSPI) as it was known back then, in conjunction with several pool builders conducted several tests on demo pools to try to come up with a common denominator that could explain the ongoing conditions affecting pool finishes.

Some of the first finger pointing was at the fact that Marcite used to contain Asbestos as part of the plaster mix, for OBVIOUS reasons the EPA had the Manufactures of Marcite remove the Asbestos and low and behold every old-timer in the industry blamed the removal off the Asbestos as the source of all plaster related problems. We know better today that was not true but unfortunately those old-school plasterers are not around anymore, huh? wonder why? So these demo pools were plastered, filled and monitored for about a year. After all the hoopla, all the finger pointing and all the data was in, guess what, the NSPI and the industry determined the common denominator was human error, labor defects, defects in the actual mixing of the plaster on the job-site, defects in the actual application of the plaster, defects in the hand troweling of the plaster as well as the condition of the trowels themselves. Last but not least and most prevalent was the start-up procedure done by most companies.

Houston we have a problem!

How can this be? Was echoed throughout the industry. We are the experts, we’ve been doing this for years and years without these problems, how could all of a sudden our time and tested techniques be the blame for all of our woes? Well like all trades that have have well skilled craftsmen they all had their industry specific niche. Pool plasterers were not born from the industry but transferred from the masonry, concrete and stucco finishing trades. After all swimming pools really did not have their own industry classification until the late 50’s, 60’s and 70’s. Pools were being built by home builders who employed skilled craftsmen, skilled in block laying, carpentry, form work, concrete finishing and plastering.

As the pool industry grew and the industry was able to support the full time employment of pool plasters. Those plasterers came from skilled backgrounds and as the industry continued to grow it attracted all sorts of people trying to get their slice of pool pie. Well unfortunately with all big business comes competition and competition can be a good thing if we all play fair like good little boys and girls. New pool companies were popping up everywhere and everywhere a new pool company started they needed laborers. Notice I said laborers not craftsmen, yes the competition was not playing fair by hiring unskilled labor to reduce the overall cost of the pool. Forcing the craftsmen still left in the industry in keep taking pay cuts until they were finally forced out of the industry by the newbie’s. OK maybe not forced so much as they were ready for retirement anyway.

They sure don’t build them like they used too

Remember that old saying? “they don’t build them like they used too” well the transfer from old school craftsmen to then new pool laborers must have missed quite a few important trade secrets and techniques. Pool plaster “101” is apparently where all the freshmen left, dropped out went to work thinking they knew all there was to know. Here is what unfortunately not passed down to them from the very wise old guys:

1) Thou shall not apply plaster unless the plaster was mixed for “x” amounts of minutes.
2) Thou shall not use well water or unfiltered water for mixing of the plaster.
3) Thou shall not use dirty trowels, worn trowels or poor quality steel trowels.
4) Thou shall not over-trowel the pool plaster.
5) Thou shall not add calcium to the plaster mix.
6) Thou shall not walk bare-foot on finished pool plaster.
7) Thou shall fill pool starting the water in the deep end only.
8) Thou shall not interrupt the filling process until the water reaches the tile line.
9) Thou shall not try to chemically balance the pool all in one day.
10) Thou shall brush, brush and brush the pool for at least 10 days.

I promise you it really was just a coincidence that there are “10” commandments, I mean RULES!

Now let me explain why it took years and years of crying foul and caused an industry to come together to solve the obvious that was not so obvious at the time. Here is what was determined to be the cause of spot etching, grey streaks or swirls, aka mottling and yellowing of the pool plaster:

1) Add plaster and water to a powered mixer, mix until it looks like pancake batter and apply to pool, sounds OK but not true. Turns out that the dry plaster and water need to be mixed for a specific amount of time (5-6min.) before they are considered married (feels like a lifetime!) also plaster that is under-mix can and does false set which requires additional mixing and addition of water to complete the process. The mixing from batch to batch needs to be as consistent as possible to ensure uniform texture and curing all around.

2) The source of the water could be high in metals, low in hardness or vice versa. Tap water or well water could have adverse effects on the plaster’s outcome. Causing staining and streaking.

3) Dirty trowels are dirty trowels no need to say more, but worn trowels have a direct affect on how hard a finisher has to apply pressure to the plaster to get it smooth. The harder the pressure applied to the trowel the more likely the trowel will transfer heat from the friction caused from the exerted pressure and burn the finish, commonly known as “trowel burns”. Trowel burns are what cause the finish to have grayish swirls throughout the pool finish

4) Over-troweling the pool has the same effect on the pool finish even if the tools are clean, in good shape and of good quality. Over troweling usually becomes necessary when the plaster false sets on the finishers and there was a mad frenzy of troweling to try to get the plaster smoothed out before it got too hard.

5) Calcium is well known as an accelerator of cement products, that being said on cooler days, colder climates or day’s with rain in the forecast plasterers found by adding calcium to the plaster mix they could accelerate the set-up time of the plaster therefore in theory finish a pool quicker without having to wait for the plaster to set at its own pace. This practice became more and more common as plaster crews were now able to get 2 and even 3 pools plastered in one day. More PIE! (more like humble pie)

6) Walking barefoot on a freshly plastered pool seemed harmless enough; certainly better then walking on the finish with work boots, shoes or sneakers. The plaster is hard at this point but by no means cured. In-fact it takes about 28 days for plaster to fully cure. The finished plaster acts like a sponge absorbing everything that comes in contact with it. The perfect outline of a foot print usually revealed itself about a month after the pool was completed. The foot print was a result of the natural oil in a person’s skin being absorbed into the plaster, that oil was retained by the plaster as it cured causing the finish to dry darker in the outline of a foot print, pinky toe included.

7) “Hey honey look the pool is filling, sure is filling slow, let’s get another hose in there so it will fill faster!” Run a second hose out to the pool to speed up the filling process also seemed harmless enough so long as the second water hose was added to the deep-end where there already is a growing body of water. When a hose is added, water must hit water and not run down the plaster from the wall or the shallow end as the very absorbent plaster will pull the minerals and impurities’ out of the water flowing down the plaster thus causing a stain/streak.

8) Turning the water fill off for the pool still happens today more often than you might think. A homeowner not being informed about how important the need to let the pool fill until water reached the tile was the main reason for this happening. Typically a pool needs a good 24 to 36 hours to fill depending on the size of the pool and of course water pressure. Mr. & Mrs. Pool owner fearful the pool might over fill during the night would turn the water of at bedtime and resume the next morning. ” Ring around the rosy pocket full of …” Sorry!, Ring around pool as in “a definite water line mark” where the pool water was stopped for several hours then resumed, resulted in a permanent stain.

9) “Patience is a Virtue” except when you’re trying to collect final payment on a pool resurface and the water is green. No GREEN for Mr. Pool Man until the pool is blue. Turns out shocking a pool that has been recently plastered is bad, very, very bad, also turns out that chlorine is the last thing that should be added to the pool for several reasons. That did not make a lot of sense at that time as it was thought without chlorine how could you clear up the water quickly. Filter, Filter, Filter. Ever wonder how a fish tank stays clear without chlorine; a swimming pool is really nothing more than a big o fish tank. Now don’t get me wrong I am not saying you should forgo on the chlorine, or that you can put fish in your pool, but you certainly do not need as much chlorine as you think. We have found that a procedure of adding a Stain & Scale control product, balancing the ph, alkalinity and calcium and running the filter for a few days before adding chlorine is the best way to nurse the newly finished plaster to good health.

10) “Brush, brush, brush that plaster dust away”, has a nice ring to it but truth is everybody hates brushing a pool especially when you are told you must brush at least twice a day. The new plaster is curing and shedding what we call, “plaster dust” plaster dust left untouched can and will resettle on the pool finish and cause yellowing on Marcite and leave a white paste on Stone or Quartz finishes. By brushing the pool constantly you are getting the dust off the surface and out into the water so that the filter can trap the dust as it is circulated. As each day passes the dust will become less and less prevalent until it is all gone, about a week in most cases. From that point on brushing the pool at least once a week is good for the pool and an upper body workout.

FOR A DETAILED GUIDE ON HOW TO START-UP A NEW POOL FINISH PLEASE READ “Proper Chemical Start-Up Guide”

OK you can breathe now, we’re done, grab a cold drink, find your favorite pool float and relax!

Harry Gordon, State Certified Commercial Swimming Pool Contractor and webmaster for [http://www.poolcomfort.com] email: info@poolcomfort.com

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Harry_Gordon/119117

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The Joy of Collecting Vintage Porcelain Gas Pump Signs and Oil Signs

Enamel Sign Origins

Porcelain signs also called enamel signs were used at the beginning of the century up until the 1970s for advertising because they were durable and weather resistant. Plastic signage replaced the enamel petrol signs and porcelain oil signs as a less expensive form of advertising. Put your company on a sticker and let your business be noticed that what our Absolutesignsolutions.com.au stickers Sydney have been working it out in the past years.

In about the 1890’s, enamel gas station and porcelain petrol and oil signs were imported from Germany where they were manufactured. In order to make an enamel advertising sign, heavy iron was rolled into sheets and cut into various shapes. Thin layers of powdered, colored glass were fused on to the iron sheets. Layer by layer the glass was fused to make the signs durable and highly colored.

The brightly colored signs often had artistic and bold graphics to attract customers. The signs could be hung on walls, outside or inside, they could be placed on hinged stands so that both sides could be read by passers by. These signs, including petrol signs, were attractive and eyecatching. Advertisements would include soda pop, candy bars, cigars, gas, oil, automobiles, tires, railroad stations and telephone booths. Street signs and road signs were also made this way and vintage street signs and road markers are another fun collectible and hobby. Collectors of enamel petrol signs also collect “petroliana”. Petroliana is a term for the glass gas pump signage, oil cans, gas station thermometers (often called “lollipops”) and other gas station memorabilia that is highly sought after.

Workers from Germany came to the United States in the twentieth century and production of these signs took place in the states. Bold graphics and bright hues made these signs recognizably American. Coca-Cola is one of the most recognizable logos that was often displayed on porcelain advertising signs. Steel soon replaced the iron in the United states sign manufacturing process.

Why Gas Signs and Oil Signs are Popular

The bold graphics make these signs highly collectible and a joy to collectors. It was World War II that made these signs hard to come by. The signs were melted down and used for their base metal in an effort to support the war.

While gas station signs, gas logos and oil signs are the most sought after when it comes to collecting enamel gas station signs, it is important to remember that bigger is not always best. A large porcelain sign may be the same price as a small sign from a long extinct gas station. Large porcelain signs are hard to hang and may often be in worse condition due to the fact that they were hung outdoors.

Petrol signs, or gas signs and anything to do with automobiles, car parts gas and oil is the most collected porcelain signage. Country store enamel signs like food advertisement signs run next but petrol collectors are seriously competitive. Petrol gas sign collectors will spend the big bucks for a mint gas or oil sign and this is why the prices in this collectible arena run so high.

Signs like enamel vintage petrol signs are widely collected because they are American history, a symbol of our past, they represent business and products that we have fond memories of but may no longer be made. They display nicely and easily and they just plain look fantastic because of their colorful and bold nature.

Often collectors of petrol signage collect because of a memory associated with the signage or they may work in the car industry. A mechanic, salesman or repairman may have a deep association with the gas and auto signs, like a Ford dealership sign if the collector sells cars, and this association spurs on the collection.

What to Look For When Collecting Enamel Petrol Signs

When it comes to porcelain signs, often it is wise to use your best judgement. Does the sign appeal to you? Is it in good condition? Are you familiar with the logo or brand? Is the logo or brand extinct or out of business? A yes to any of these questions may lead you to the purchase of an excellent enamel gas or oil sign.

You can also look for two things; crazing and a flange. Crazing is when the sign has small cracks or fissures in the glazing. Crazing can dull a finish and make colors look less bright. Small amount of crazing and wear is to be expected but large amounts should be shied away from. Flanged signage is when the sign is bent at a side and may have holes in the bend. This allow for the porcelain gas pump sign to be hung up on a wall or a bracket. A flange does not necessarily add value but it is something to look for. Also, look for rust and condition when you come across an enamel advertising sign that you are thinking about adding to your collection

Logos that are popular are Mobil, Texaco and Gulf. Mobil was founded in 1920. The Mobil brand is highly collectible because of its flying red Pegasus logo. Look for Mobil signage, oil cans, gas globes, containers and paper advertisements. Texaco is memorable for its red star logo and has brands produced under its name like Fire Chief, Indian,and Havoline. Gulf, the familiar round orange logo with blue lettering, is popular for items like gas glass globes, gas pumps, oil bottles and cans, tin and porcelain signs.

For more information about collecting quality vintage get in touch with our guys.

What is an Electronic Billboard?

An electronic billboard is basically a large (or even giant!) screen made up of LED (light emitting diode) bulbs whose lights are arranged and timed to create static, changing or full motion text and images. Bring your business into another level by trusting a signs Sydney who can design a better advertisement billboard for you. It can also go by these names:

Digital billboard
Digital, electronic or video display
Electronic message sign or board

It can be thought of as being similar to a digital photo which is made up of pixels. However, on an electronic billboard, pixels are LED bulbs. Unlike a digital photo, the resolution is not determined by how many pixels the board uses, but how close together the pixels are. The closer together they are, the more realistic the image that can be produced.

The simplest and least expensive are monochrome boards that use one color (usually red or amber) LED bulbs to create text messages or even simple pictures. More complex boards can produce multiple color, television-like images since each pixel has three color LEDs (red, green and blue, also referred to as RGB) just like a television or computer screen. Images created for the billboards, whether simple or complex, are controlled by a combination of hardware, computers, software and Internet connections, usually remotely.

Though typically used outdoors for advertising, some electronic billboard equipment can also be used indoors for retail, restaurants, trade shows, entertainment and sporting events. Other uses both indoors and out can include traffic alerts, directional signs and safety information (such as in construction zones).

Dynamic Digital Signage and Flexible Advertising Advantage

Unlike standard billboard signs made of paper or vinyl materials which remain in place for weeks or months at a time, electronic billboard images can be quickly and easily changed, even within minutes and sometimes remotely. This allows an advertiser to start, stop or change promotions to take advantage of short-term opportunities and frequently changing data.

The ability to change digital signs quickly, frequently and/or remotely is referred to as dynamic digital signage. Some applications of this technology could include:

Restaurant menu boards that change according to time of day.
Directional signs that may change from day to day, such as for events, conferences and trade shows.
Advertising tailored for specific marketing demographics and locations.

This can help reduce costs for physical signs and provide more effective communications.
How Electronic Billboard Advertising is Sold

Electronic billboard equipment can be sold direct to businesses to use on their own properties.

Ads can also be purchased on existing electronic billboards. These types of ads more resemble radio advertising in that advertisers purchase time on the billboard based on dayparts such as morning drive, daytime, afternoon drive, nighttime and overnight. Usually this time on the board is sold through local, national or even international media networks.

Images on electronic boards can be set to change every 4 to 10 seconds, depending on the equipment used and/or the advertising time package purchased.

Advanced electronic billboard technology can even offer interactive features to engage audiences.

Challenges

With the flexibility and high impact that electronic billboards can offer, one might think that they are a natural advertising choice. However, there are some significant issues that have plagued all billboard advertising for decades which are getting even more challenging with the advent of digital.

Driving Safety. Drivers have a myriad of distractions while on the road. An eyecatching billboard can divert drivers’ attention so much that it could cause accidents. This is especially the case with digital boards that may have animated effects.
Local Regulations. While some communities welcome the addition of electronic billboards to the landscape, others are adamantly against them because they feel these boards visually pollute the environment. Some communities have very restrictive rules regarding placement and specifications for either safety or zoning issues. Sometimes getting approval can be a long process, delaying the marketing benefits that could be realized. These regulations are of most concern to businesses that are purchasing their own billboards. For those who are only purchasing time on an existing billboard, this is less of a concern since the board’s owner has likely resolved any regulatory issues prior to installing the equipment.

Prior to any purchasing any electronic billboard equipment or ad time, advertisers should thoroughly investigate any local regulations that may apply. Consult with outdoor advertising networks and manufacturers who have experience in dealing with these issues.
Are Electronic Billboards Green?

Since electronic billboards typically use LEDs, the light produced is more energy efficient than standard light bulbs. But they are likely to become even more efficient as LED technologies continue to evolve and are integrated into the boards. They also eliminate the use of paper or vinyl products that would be used for traditional poster-type billboards.

Depending on the definition of “green,” some communities may consider the use of illuminated signs as incompatible with the surrounding natural environment. As mentioned earlier, similar complaints have been an issue for all billboards over the years, prompting the development of the Highway Beautification Act of 1965 in the United States.
Best Practices

As with standard billboard advertising, these best practices apply to digital as well:

High Contrast. There must be high degree of contrast between the message and the background. Light and muted colors can wash out on digital boards. So stick with bright and bold contrasted with darks.
Simplified Message. Viewers have only a few seconds to see your digital message. So only limit your message to 10 words or less and one main idea.
Go Large. Make both text and images large for quick reading at distances of hundreds of feet and while speeding past at up to 55 miles an hour. Even if being used for pedestrian traffic, it still applies since it may be competing in a visually noisy environment.
Location, Location, Location. Make sure you place your digital ad message where your most likely customer prospects will frequent.
Repeat, Repeat, Repeat. Because of the swiftly shifting messages on electronic billboards, you do need to keep repeating your message over time to make sure it has the best chance to be viewed by your target audience.

In today’s mobile, cable television and Internet marketplace in which ads can easily be turned off, electronic billboards can provide an always-on advertising channel for your message. Get in touch with makers of signage for your business.

Bathroom Renovation Ideas – Be Prepared And Inspired

Are you tired of the look of your current bathroom layout and feel that it needs a total upgrade? If so you are one of the many people who don’t particularly like the way their bathroom looks. The bathroom is probably the most overlooked room in your home because most people do not feel that the amount of time they spend there warrants the expenditure of money or energy on undertaking a renovation project. Explore our menu and see what country style bathrooms has to offer.

This is in fact quite wrong as a recent study indicates that women will, on average, spend the equivalent of 2 years and 9 months of their lives standing in front of their bathroom mirror fixing their make up and ensuring that they look ‘just right’ before venturing out of the house.

In reality the bathroom home improvement is easily the best place to start you renovation work as you can accomplish quite a transformation with a little imagination, a splash of flair and, of course, a few basic building skills. If you are interested in upgrading your bathroom, but really don’t know where to start, do some research so you can consider the options that are open to you.

The ease of undertaking a bathroom renovation is due to the fact that the average bathroom is quite small in size and therefore a fairly modest remodeling program will have some marked results. Most bathroom renovation ideas are often centered on a replacement of wall and floor tiles as well as the inclusion of new fixtures and fittings. Don’t be put off attempting the project if one of your bathroom renovation ideas includes enlarging the space. The chances are that extending the area of you bathroom will not be too difficult as it could be as simple as removing an adjacent closet or a dividing wall. You will be amazed at how even a relatively small increase of the bathroom area can have a remarkable effect on the look and feel of the room.

Summon Up The Courage And Implement Your Bathroom Renovation Ideas!

Don’t be put off by the big jobs – stripping down the entire bathroom may look like a complicated job but, in all reality, it is quite simple and requires little more than some hard labor by you (and maybe a friend or two). If you are ever going to introduce some good bathroom renovation ideas then you have to get out of your comfort zone and learn some of the skills needed to undertake the work.

If you really are a novice when it comes to renovation work, then it may be in your best interest to engage a professional builder for some aspects of the job. This way you can observe how he approaches the job and you should also be able to throw a few relevant questions his way. Take time and study how to operate the particular power tools needed on the job. Quite often you can download from the internet some quite well presented instructional guides which show you how to use various power tools.

Before you start the bathroom home improvement ensure that you put together a realistic costing for your bathroom renovation. Check some of the online specialty bathroom websites and put together a pricing list for the fixtures such as vanity, light and toilet fittings. We all dream about having gold taps and features in our bathrooms, however, the reality check is that the cost for most people would be prohibitive and well beyond their budget.

When deciding on the look of your bathroom just remember that for many people the bathroom is a private get-away where they like to relax and have a little solitude. If you want to create a sense of tranquility then you should consider going with a classic style that incorporates crisp colors with minimal clutter. By doing this you can create a soft feeling of light and space so that your bathroom becomes a welcoming retreat. If, however, you want to make a statement and don’t particularly want to have to queue to get into your bathroom then go crazy with your creativity and splash around as much color as you like.

Before your bathroom remodeling ideas get the better of you be aware that the whole project will take some time and, unless you engage a professional or take time off from work, there may be some inconvenience while you squeeze the work in at night or during the weekends.

A Word Of Caution

Try to adopt a patient approach and don’t be put off if you initially make a few small mistakes. Even the experts make mistakes at times and even the best bathroom renovation ideas have some inherent problems that will need some corrective action at a later date. Be patient and most importantly, be happy with the thought you’re your workable bathroom renovation ideas are not so difficult after all. With a little forward planning and creativity your new look private oasis can transform before your eyes.

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Bathroom Renovation Guide – Know the Costs of Showers and Bathtubs

Bathroom is one place you can relax after a day’s work. You can take soothing baths as long as you please. With such comfort you are provided, you have to maintain this area at its best condition. Remodeling it would be a nice idea. And in this task, you have to choose whether you want to have a shower or bathtub installment. If you have enough budget, then you can go for both. Our new kitchens Sydney offer a wide selection of styles with endless design and layout possibilities.

First of all, work up a budget. Compare the costs of each fixture. You need to specify the characteristics of either the shower or bathtub. For example, list down the material composition, style and color. You can then scout for prices of these in online stores and local shops.

And to maximize your use of online sites, you can consult contractors and builders sites. Some of these sites have bathroom renovation cost calculators. You will see in this particular page the list of the specs of a bathroom layout, size, tiling and varied contents from sinks, showers and tubs. You can also choose from the quality descriptions – basic or standard, premium or customized. Then each of your choices will have equivalent costs. Here is a sample computation – a small bathroom to be tiled from walls to floor using standard tiles will cost about $22 per square feet.

Last point to note in budgeting, you need to consider labor costs. You have to hire services from professionals especially if you want new electrical wiring and pipe work. Some builders’ sites and hardware stores you might be buying your materials from have a list of electricians and plumbers.

Showers

There are many types of this fixture that are usually built with heat-resistant plastic and stainless steel. There are six popular mixers currently available in most markets and locations. They have varied features and such characteristics contribute to their pricing.

The most common type for DIY solutions is the push-on mixer. This is very cheap and installing it only requires you to connect it to the bath tap. However, you might encounter difficulties in adjusting the water temperature as it is dependent on the tap. The bath/shower mixer has the same features as the previous type and is more suitable for installing with bathtubs. The manual mixer has a unit that needs to be attached to the wall. Its hot and water supplies can be connected via a single valve. This is more expensive than the other mixers.

The other three types belong to the more costly category. The thermostatic mixer is quite alike the manual type. However, its added features of having a built-in water temperature stabilizer and easy-to-use temperature control make it the most expensive model. The power shower is an electric pump driven type that can alter water pressure and temperature. This unit is relatively inexpensive but the costs you may need to install a cold water cistern and hot water cylinder may be pricey. It is best to have this type if you already have the two mentioned requirements. Lastly, the electric shower type is a wall-mounted unit. This needs to be wired to an electric power supply. The main disadvantage for this is the amount of electricity needed to operate it.

Bathtubs

This fixture has varied types. The models are different according to size, color, style and material composition. The most common types are the basic 5-ft. wall-to-wall built-in and freestanding models. Other home owners who want to achieve the antique look go for the claw-foot tubs. The most expensive types are the whirlpool, soaking and walk-in tubs.

The materials used are porcelain on steel, acrylic, fiberglass/gelcoat, composite, cast iron and cultured marble. The price depends on the brand, manufacture, material and style.

In picking out either or both fixture, you have to consider the special needs of some people living with you. Say, you have a baby, live with someone with disabilities, you need to make sure that the renovation can also accommodate their needs. For handicapped people using wheelchair, there are specific shower and bathtub types that can give enough space for their mobility device. Some remodeling services companies assist customers in picking out bathroom features particularly designed for babies or the handicapped.

Remodeling your bathroom is surely an easy task especially if you have everything planned out. Once you are done with this process, you certainly enjoy longer hours of comfort and relaxation in your new space.

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How to care for your car’s leather interior

I recently purchased an Acura TL and want to know how to care for the leather seats. – Kan

There’s no need to hide from leather interiors – while some experts recommend leather cleaners and conditioners, Honda says your seats just need dusting, vacuuming and the occasional wipe down. From time to time you may find that you need to apply a leather care – whatever its use – and it’s important to know what type of leather finish you have before you start.

“The simplest way to prolong the life of your leather interior is to vacuum it regularly,” Honda Canada spokesperson Chris Wood says. “Chances are, if it can’t be solved with a vacuum, a soft cloth that’s been slightly dampened with water will do the trick. Just be sure to remove any remaining moisture by buffing the area with a dry cloth.”

It sounds simple, especially since there are lots of leather care products on the market. Wood says they don’t recommend any products in particular.

“Some are cleaners while others are conditioners. Choose the wrong one and you may regret it,” Wood says. “Our recommendation is to consult the owner’s manual and follow the instructions.”

Those instructions say to clean the leather with a soft cloth dampened with a 90 per cent water and a 10 per cent “neutral wool detergent solution,” then buff with a clean dry cloth.

Again, Honda won’t specify a specific brand of pH neutral or near-neutral detergent, but products for wool and delicates fit the bill.

“It’s important to avoid detergents that use any kind of dye or bleach and anything that can be harsh, abrasive, or cause the leather to dry out and shrink,” the auto maker says.

The Good Housekeeping Research Institute agrees that leather seats don’t need much maintenance, but preventing tears and stains is crucial.

“There’s really not much to do to take care of a leather interior,” says the Institute’s Carolyn Forte. “Obviously, you want to keep sharp or rough objects away from it to prevent rips, tears, and scrapes, but that’s [the case] with fabric, too.”

Aside from keeping keys, cell phones and zippers off leather surfaces, Forte says drivers should use a leather cleaner and conditioner for cleaning.

“Stains can be tougher to remove on leather than on fabric, so be sure to keep pens away and blot spills as soon as they happen,” she says.

Good Housekeeping doesn’t recommend any particular leather product, though, and neither does Consumer Reports.

In a March 2012 article on detailing car interiors, Consumer Reports says drivers should gently clean vehicle leather with “leather cleaner, saddle soap, or another mild leather soap on a damp cloth.” Be sure to remove all soap and moisture – especially on seams and folds.

Wood says Honda recommends checking with your dealer before getting your leather surfaces professionally cleaned.

“Without knowing how a professional cleaner gets the job done, it’s hard to predict how it will affect the surface or whether it will void the warranty,” Wood says. Learn more about cleaning your car seat leather.

Hiring a Great Electrician

Trial and error may work in cooking, but it certainly won’t work in electrical wiring. Electrical work isn’t usually something a person picks up as a hobby, but it is something that technicians go to school for in order to learn the proper procedures for dealing with such complex and dangerous wiring. Most of the time, when a person is in need of an electrician, there is some serious work to be done, like installing wiring, rewiring, or repairing an existing system of wiring. This work is not something you just want to try out on a Saturday in your spare time because it’s raining outside. You want to hire an electrical professional who has taken training classes in electrical technologies from an accredited school in order to become a qualified electrician. If you do, you can be assured to have quality work done in less time than it would take you to learn how to do it on your own. We have been concentrating on making sure our 24 hour electrician Brisbane can arrive on time, provide professional service, have all necessary material’s and complete all emergency jobs that happen outside of normal business hours.

The problem is, how can you tell a great electrician from a mediocre one? How do you determine if a company is worth hiring to do your work or not? Here are a few tips for figuring that out:

1. Choose someone who has had electrical program training

It’s OK to ask questions when you are talking to someone about doing electrical work in your home or business. Where did they go to school? Which classes did they do best in? What skills did they take away from the program? How did their training prepare them for their career? It doesn’t have to be an interrogation, but simply a conversation to help you get to know your HVAC technician. Most people enjoy answering questions about themselves in a relaxed environment. You can ask about a technician’s experience without turning it into an inquisition.

2. Get a recommendation for the electrician

Ask your friends and relatives which technicians they have hired in the past. They will be able to give you concrete examples of a company’s strengths and weaknesses. You can also ask the electrician’s company for references. If they have clients who are willing to vouch for them, you can be pretty sure that they will do a good job for you as well. When you fill out a job application, you are asked for references. Why shouldn’t your electrical technician?

3. Spend time talking with the electrical technician who will be completing the work

Find out what their expertise is, how they will perform the tasks, and how long they think it will take. Ask them if they will come to your house to discuss the project, or just ask them these questions over the phone. Most electricians will be upfront about what they think needs to be done concerning your electrical wiring. This process will help you to see how they compile their estimates.

4. Ask to see a license and insurance certificate

Having electrical work done will be expensive and you do not want to trust anyone who is not qualified to complete the work. If they are unwilling to provide you with this basic information, you are better off not hiring them anyway. There will be other electricians willing to offer you those documents to establish their credibility.

5. Ask about other jobs they have done

Talking about the past work experience will help you get an idea if they are qualified to work with you. If the company you are looking to hire is new or they have a new technician to work with you, this does not mean that they are unqualified. They may be able to do a great job for you. You simply need to make sure you have established some other form of credibility. Generally speaking though, a company who has been in business for a long time is more likely to do a better job for you.

6. Tell the electrician specifically what you want to have done

If the work that you would like to have done is not starting from scratch or doing a total overhaul, you may not need someone with extensive experience. If you are looking to have some serious work put in, you want to make sure you are getting the best electrician you can find. Tell them what you want done and they may tell you that there is a more experienced technician within the company that can help you.

7. Consider the cost

Estimates are important as well. You don’t want to hire someone who has outlandish prices, but at the same time, you don’t want to sacrifice quality for price, especially when it comes to electrical wiring. Don’t make price your first consideration, but allow that to play into the later aspects of your decision.

If you can find a comfortable balance between price and experience, you can be confident that the company will do a job well for you. Make sure that you have an agreement in writing so that if anything goes wrong, you know exactly how to go about correcting the problem.

The Refrigeration School, Inc. prepares electricians with an extensive education in HVAC and electrical technologies. The courses in this training program, offered in the Phoenix, Arizona area, help students develop into qualified technicians with secure careers right out of electrical school.

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