The Three Golf Stances


This article is about the golfer’s stance when addressing the ball. Discussed here are the square stance, the open stance and the closed stance. How the golfer’s feet are placed will be described in relation to a line that is perfectly straight and is parallel to the path the golfer wants the ball to take. The line of flight is what this line is referred to as. In reality of course, the golf ball’s flight is curved to some degree.

When taking a longer type of shot, a closed stance is the one that is commonly used. This stance has the forward foot’s toe more or less right on the line of flight, with the toe of the rear pulled off the line by a few centimeters. In using the closed stance, the golfer’s body has more freedom of movement for longer shots while enabling the hands and clubhead to more naturally go along an inside-out path.

The square stance is most suitable for medium irons. In this stance a line drawn from toe to toe would be parallel to the line of flight. Somewhat open is how the front foot would be placed, rotated out a few degrees in the direction of the golf ball’s flight, with the golfers weight evenly distributed on both feet. Long iron shots and wood shots may at times be executed from this stance.

With short irons the open stance is used. the forward foot is a bit behind the line of flight, for a more upright swing that imparts a backspin which is not wanted on long golf shots.