Well first you need to understand how do hemorrhoids happen. Several reasons lead to hemorrhoids:
Constipation and extra straining
Chronic Diarrhea and loose stools
Long sitting or standing
Pregnancy and childbirth
Inherited tendency to hemorrhoids.
So, avoid all this and you are free. Obviously this list of reasons is too wide. The list of measures is wide too. Increase the fiber in your diet. Eat more cereals, fruits, vegetables, grains, etc. Psyllium and methylcellulose are supplemental types of fiber. Exercise, avoid long standing or sitting, don’t strain, keep the anal area clean. Increase liquids in your diet.
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Use stool softeners, stool-bulking agents (not a tasty ones, but what can you do).Treat diarrhea with anti-motility drugs and fiber. Not every of these methods are proved scientifically. Nonetheless they are included in the standard recommendations for hemorrhoids treatment.
To treat itching or discomfort you may use suppositories, ointments, creams, and gels. You may find that all in your local pharmacy. These products contain protectant and anesthetics (pain relievers). Local anesthetics numb the area and decrease burning and itching. Remember that local anesthetics may cause allergy. Analgesics (menthol, camphor) relieve pain and itching as well.
Vasoconstrictors reduce swelling in the perianal area. Though they may have side effects. Better discuss with your doctor. Protectants (kaolin, cocoa butter, lanolin, mineral oil, starch, zinc oxide or calamine, glycerin, etc) create a physical barrier to prevent contact of stool and the skin. This reduces irritation, itching, and burning. Similarly, some agents – astringents – dry the skin. That helps to relieve burning, itching, and pain as well.
To kill or at least suppress bacteria and other organisms use antiseptics. Boric acid, phenol, resorcinol and many others can be used. Again better to discuss with your doctor or at least pharmacist. Many of these drugs are sold over-the-counter. Corticosteroids decrease inflammation and relieve itching, but may cause skin damage. They should be used for few days only. Sitz bath may also help in relieving the symptoms.
Disclaimer: This article is for information purpose only and not any medical advice. A registered practitioner should be consulted for any medical condition.