Ear training is the procedure by which a student can learn to differentiate between specific intervals, chords and rhythms. These aural skills are necessary for musicians as they permit them to transcribe, perform by ear, and sight-read correctly, and even obtaining benefits in relation to composition (among them, having the capability to transmit the melody in your head to paper or your instrument), and more.
Aural skills must be learned by working on, thereby it’s important to have productive exercises in order to cultivate them. To start with, students can try plain call-and-response-type trainings such as recreating single notes: you can take a recording, or have a friend or instructor play one note, thereafter attempt to sing or carry out the same note. This is known as an “absolute pitch” exercise, and it will produce a sense in the student for what specific note sounds like; if you can recognize the note immediately, you may have perfect pitch. This kind of training can also be carried out with a variety of notes took part in a series, becoming increasingly complicated, which will focus on memory together with identification of notes.
Another important element to pay attention to is the identification of intervals. Listen to two notes played one after another and try to identify the interval between the two, starting with the fundamentals like octaves and perfect fifths before switching to other intervals. Getting able to thoroughly determine intervals signifies you have relative pitch, which is considered a necessary talent for musicians. Once you can identify intervals, you can use that skill to distinguish chords. Students might also think about using relevant workouts with the purpose of distinguishing quickly between major and minor chords. Moreover, once intervals have been mastered, students can move on to exercises to differentiate among different types of scales.