Author Archive: Homer Henderson

Discover How to Save on Electric Repair Service

Getting the best electric repair service is important. You cannot hire just anyone who says he can do the job. You always have to choose a professional who can provide you with the best electric repair service. Any mistakes in electrical repairs can cost you more money and most of all, more problems. If you want to save money, you cannot go on looking for the cheapest electric repair service in the market. However, that does not mean there’s no way you can save money when you need some electrical repairs to be done. With electrician Brisbane 24 hours all over Brisbane we can have someone to you fast, our electricians live locally which means we wont be far away.

Buy the Electrical Parts Yourself

It’s a common practice for electrical contractors to place a considerable markup on the electrical parts. So if you want to save money, you can contract the electric repair service only and buy the electrical parts yourself. If you buy the parts yourself, you can save money. You can compare prices and see for yourself which stores sell electric parts at cheaper prices. You can even save in the long run if you buy better quality parts too.

Buying bulbs, switches, outlets, and lighting fixture is relatively easy so this should not be a problem. You will be able to find the right type for your home. Buying cables and wirings, however, can be a bit costly, but as long as you know what size and what type you need, buying them should be fairly easy as well.

Travel Time Factor

The cost of travel is also another expense factored in when you contract electric repair service. When you hire an electrical contractor, choose one that is closest to your location. There is another way to make sure you get the most from what you pay. If the contractor allows employees to bring home their company vehicles, ask them to schedule the work at the same time that work starts in their company. This way, the electricians would be at your place on time and you won’t be charged for the time spent on travel.

T&M vs. Contract

Having electrical contractors bid for the project is usually the best way to drive down the contract price. However, during emergency cases, going for time and material (T&M) basis is usually the only option. For small repairs, going with T&M may be a good choice. However, buying your own electrical parts is still the best way to save money.

Going for Quality

In your aim to save money, finding quality electric repair service should still be your foremost aim. Take note that quality service means not having to repeat the same job for a longer time. A job well done is actually cheaper in the long run.

What you really need to do is find a contractor that does quality electric repair service even if you have to pay a slightly higher price. Hire them for labor and buy your own electric parts. This way you will end up with the best service and the best materials. For sure, you will get the best job done and your electric repair requirement will be best served as well.

Avner Electric, Inc. has more than two decades of experience in the electrical repair service. We are committed to providing you only the best service for all your electrical needs. You can be sure you will receive the highest quality work at the best rates.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Avner_Leibovitch/356858

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Planning the Perfect Event – Some Tips

Event Planning is not for the fainthearted. The expectations on the Event Planner are high, and regardless of whether the event is a fundraiser, a corporate event, or a special social event, there is usually a lot riding on the success of the event. Corporate events is your source for beyond fun company event ideas, offering the perfect programs to take your event to the next level.

In my experience, this expectation is the same whether you are volunteering or charging for your services. Your Client has a vision, and expects you to deliver the dream.

This article is being published in two parts to keep it at a reasonable length. Part One will look at issues such as venue choice, event decoration, seating arrangements, and food and drinks.

So, where do you start?

Get as much information as possible from your client about the type of event that they want. To do this effectively, you must build up a rapport with your client. You need to get inside their head. During this process, you need to glean the following information:

The purposeof the event i.e. informational, fundraiser, social, special event etc.
The nameand or theme of the event. Sometimes the Client would already have thought of the name, at other times, they might want you to come up with a name. The challenge is to ensure that the name is catchy and relates to the purpose of the event.
The date and timeof the event – there are some general dates to avoid, and a good planner should advise the client of these dates e.g. it is well known that July and August are not good months for corporate events, whilst recent surveys have shown that in the year 2010, September weekends were the most popular for weddings.
The key featureof the event e.g. is there going to be a popular performer or Guest Speaker? Perhaps there is some special fundraising activity e.g. an auction of holiday destinations.

Venue

Consider the physical needs for the event as this will help you to set the ambience. For example,

A wedding would be better suited to a banqueting hall, or hotel venue;
Seminars, conferences or training sessions might take place at a special conference room or business centre;
A ball or dinner dance might take place in a dance hall.

Failure to choose the right venue can make or break your event. If the venue is too small, guests will be uncomfortable and there is the possibility of disgruntled guests leaving before the end of the event, and perhaps asking for refund of their ticket costs. On the other hand if the venue is too large, it becomes difficult to build up atmosphere and rapport between the guests, resulting in a glum event.

The fact of the matter is, there is a venue to suit every event so develop and maintain a list of the most popular venues in your area!

Event Decoration

The decoration at the event, goes a long way towards providing the right ambience for the event. Some venues have their own event decorators and often times the quoted venue hire fees will include an element for decorations.

Particularly, in the case of social and special events, it is well worth investing in getting the venue tastefully decorated. That way you are guaranteed not only a lovely atmosphere, but beautiful photographs to remind you of your special day.

Beware of family and friends who volunteer to take care of the decorating. Try to advise the client that it is well worth spending the extra cash on engaging a professional to do this. Unless the friend or family member is a professional, the job is always usually rushed or substandard.

Personally, I do not take on jobs where there are likely to be family and friends involved, unless I am providing on the day co-ordination services where whatever happens before the day is not really within my remit.

Tables and chairs

Again, the right choice of furniture is essential for creating that special effect. So for example:

A seminar set up in theatre style will only require chairs, apart from the table for the guest speakers.
On the other hand, it is now common place to cover banqueting chairs for weddings, decorated with either sashes or flowers or a combination.
One of the problems that I have encountered as an event planner, is that the seating capacity quoted by venue hirers for table sittings can be quite unrealistic. They might tell you that a table will take 8 to 10 chairs, when in reality, you could only comfortably fit 6 to 8 chairs around the table. If this is not verified beforehand, this could significantly affect the seating arrangements of your Guests on the day.

Food and drink

This can be another tricky area. Some events come with a cheap hire rate on condition that you have to use their catering services and or bar. The result is that a venue that first appeared quite reasonable, could suddenly become unaffordable. The key here is to shop around and don’t be afraid to negotiate prices with venues based on the package that you get from each.

In the case of fundraising events where you might want to sell refreshments, it is important that you find out from the outset whether any special licences are required. Sometimes the venue will sort this out for you, other times you might have to sort this out yourself and a good planner should be able to assist you with this.

In Part Two of this article we will look at equipment, safety and security, and advertising.

Copyright Cay Moore 2010

Cay Moore is the owner of Cay Moore Associates a professional services provider specialising in Office Solutions, Desk Top Publishing and Events Management Service.

Website: [http://www.caymooreassociates.com]

Email: cay@caymooreassociates.com

Telephone: 07957459136

Twitter: @Cay_Moore

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Cay_Moore/657325

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How to Remove A Garbage Disposal

Step 1: Remove Drain Attachments and Wiring from Garbage Disposal

The garbage disposal has several attachments (Fig. 1); including an electrical supply (either direct wired or plugged into an outlet), a drain from the dishwasher, a drain to the sink trap and the disposal is mounted to the bottom of the sink as part of the sink drain assembly. Rubbish removal northern beaches Sydney has an amazing guys for cleaning up your rubbish in your office.

  • If your disposal plugs into an outlet, simply unplug it. If it is direct wired, you may be able to leave the connection if the wires are long enough, but if you are replacing the disposal, the wires will have to be removed. To be safe, turn the power off at the electrical panel. You may decide it is not necessary to turn the power off at the panel, as long as the switch to the disposal remains turned off. If you do not turn the power off at the panel, you should put tape over the disposal switch, so it does not get turned on by mistake. But whatever you do, do not leave bare wires underneath the sink! There should be a panel on the disposal to remove to see the where the electric wires connect, then you can loosen the electrical wires with a screw driver. In my case, I simply unplugged the disposal from the outlet.
  • Next, disconnect the drain line from the dishwasher by loosening the hose clamps with a screw driver and sliding the hose off. Keep your bucket handy to catch any water in the line.
  • Then, disconnect the hose clamp from the drain line to the trap the same way.

Step 2: Removal of Garbage Disposal from Sink

Now that all the connections have been removed from the disposal, the disposal itself can be removed from the sink. The disposal is usually mounted below the sink by a “Quick-lock” ring.

  • First, You should be able to loosen the disposal from the mounting assembly that holds it to the sink by using a screw driver for leverage at the points shown in Figure 2.
  • Put the screw driver in one of the lugs and applying pressure in a counter-clockwise direction as if looking from the bottom up to the disposal. If the disposal does not turn, try tapping on the flanges with a hammer.
  • Once it starts to turn, it should remove easily. Remove the disposal, but be careful, when it releases from the mounting assembly, it may feel heavier than you think.

Step 3: Remove the Disposal Mounting Assembly from the Sink

The entire drain assembly should be removed so the seals can be inspected. There are five parts to the ring assembly (Fig. 3 and 4).

The top part of the assembly (inside the sink) is the ring around the drain (drain flange) that gives it a clean finished appearance and allows water to drain into the disposal. The rubber or heavy paper gasket helps prevent the drain from leaking. Leaking can also be prevented with plumber’s putty.

The bottom part of the assembly (below the sink) includes the triangular shaped upper mounting ring, the lower mounting ring which has the three screws and a snap ring to hold the upper mounting ring to the lower mounting ring.

  • First, loosen the tension on the three screws until there is enough room to see the snap ring. The snap ring sits in a groove at the lower end of the flange on the upper mounting ring. Use a small flat bladed screwdriver to dig the snap ring out of the groove.
  • Once the snap ring is removed, the lower mounting ring will slide off.
  • Now, you can pull out the drain flange and seal from the inside of the sink.
  • Remove any old plumber’s putty.
  • The Disposal is re-mounted or replaced by following these same steps in reverse order.

What to Know About Car Covers

Car covers provide a great means for protecting your prized possession. I will explain here car cover pros and cons, as well as describe the primary types of covers and fabrics. Car paint protection is a great way to maintain your vehicle’s prime condition, preventing scratches, chips, fading, rusting, and dings from road debris, rocks, and pebbles.

DO YOU NEED A COVER?

If you store your car outside, the advantage of having a car cover can easily be seen. A cover will protect your car’s paint finish and interior from harmful ultraviolet rays. It will also protect the paint from the acidity of bird droppings that can quickly eat through the finish. Tree sap, leaves, and other pollutants also can stain or even ruin the paint. To repair the damage can be very time consuming, and possibly very expensive, depending on the extent.

If you store your car indoors, a cover will provide protection against dust and minor abrasions from foot traffic. Thicker and heavier fabrics generally provide better abrasion resistance. Delicate paint finishes are best protected by cotton fabrics, although there are some synthetic materials that can provide similar softness characteristics.

SO MANY FABRICS – SO FEW CARS!

The variety and array of cover fabrics can confound even an experienced textile professional. Listed below is a brief description of the three general categories used in manufacturing substrates with pros and cons.

WOVEN

Woven fabrics are stronger (greater tear strength) and more durable than bonded or non-woven fabrics. These fabrics are manufactured on high speed looms with yarns that run both vertically and horizontally. The yarn size and density (count) can vary depending on the fabric design and specifications. Woven fabrics usually fold and store compactly. They can be comprised of natural or man-made fibers that are often coated or treated for mildew, water and ultraviolet light protection.

NON-WOVEN

These fabrics are usually comprised of polymer fibers (polyolefins) that are compressed together under high heat or with adhesives. These fabrics are usually thicker than wovens and warp knits but offer less tear strength and durability. The added thickness can provide excellent abrasion resistance. However, the additional bulk can prove to be more cumbersome. The properties inherent in these fabrics usually provide good to excellent water, mildew and ultraviolet light protection.

WARP KNITS

Warp knit fabrics are manufactured on flat knitting machines that can resemble looms used for weaving. The fabrics are usually comprised of polyester or nylon yarns that run the length of the fabric to form interlocking loops. The yarn size and density (count) can vary depending on the fabric design and specifications. Warp knit fabrics usually fold and store compactly. They have excellent tear strength as well as water, mildew, and ultraviolet light resistance.

A FEW CAVEATS AND PRACTICAL TIPS

There are some things that need to be considered before purchasing a car cover. For example, most outdoor covers will repel a considerable amount of rain but will not keep the car completely dry. A cover must be breathable to allow the paintwork to breathe properly. If the cover material is not breathable, it can suffocate the paint which will cause it to discolor or possibly peel. Since air is able to pass through the cover, it is likely that water will eventually also work its way through the fabric to the paint. Even if it does not, during rapid temperature changes, condensation will form on the paintwork. However, a breathable cover material will allow the condensation or any rain water to evaporate, preventing damage to the paintwork.

Even the best outdoor cover is no substitute for a garage; however, a quality well fitted cover can protect a vehicle from the elements adding many years of life to the paintwork/convertible top and interior. Routine maintenance is also made much easier with the regular use of a cover.

If you will be removing your cover shortly after/during a rain storm, be prepared to deal with a very wet cover – some fabrics will retain much more water than others. If you do not have a place to let the cover dry, place it in a large bin or plastic bag until the weather conditions become more favorable. Allow the cover to air dry as soon as possible.

During winter months, if water forms on the paint surface and the temperature suddenly drops, the cover may freeze to the car. Allow time for the sun or rising temperatures to loosen the material before removing the cover.

Indoors, a cover can provide needed protection by diverting wandering eyes in public garages or preventing minor scrapes or scratches in private residences. Fabrics made from 100% cotton provide the ultimate in softness and protection for indoor use. Polyester/cotton blends, and some synthetic fabrics, can also provide excellent indoor protection while being suitable for occasional outdoor use.

Car covers can typically be washed in a home washing machine. More bulky covers should be washed in a commercial machine. Always wash in cold water with mild soap. Hot water and strong detergents can shrink and damage most covers. Additionally, a cover should always be hung to air dry. The high heat from a home or commercial dryer will damage most covers.

HOW TO PURCHASE A COVER

There are several variables to consider before making your selection
including:

Your Budget – This may limit your choices. For example, universal covers can provide good to excellent protection on a limited budget provided one is selected that fits properly. (An outdoor cover that is too loose can cause damage from the excess material flapping against the paint in the wind.) On the other end of the spectrum, some high-end
custom covers are made with soft, durable fabrics that provide an excellent fit with superior protection.

Indoor Or Outdoor Storage — Outdoor cover fabrics typically have water and ultraviolet light protection which makes them ideally suited toward harsh outdoor conditions. Although indoor cover fabrics are often safe for occasional outdoor use, their exposure should be limited.

Fabric Selection — Once you have determined your budget and identified how and where the cover will be used, it is time to select a fabric type. When phoning/visiting a retailer or manufacturer ask for fabric samples. There is no better way to compare fabrics than to see and feel them. Additionally, this will eliminate any questions or concerns regarding the quality and weight of the fabric to be purchased.

Although the purchase of a quality cover will require some preparation and fact finding, a properly selected cover can provide years of hassle free protection for your vehicle. It will reduce the amount of time needed for exterior maintenance, extend the life of the paint and trim components, as well as enhance the overall appearance of the vehicle.

Author:
Michael Trueba Jr
President
MPT Industries
Auto Chic
Phone: 973-989-9220
E-mail: mtrueba@mptindustries.com

Michael Trueba Jr has been president of MPT Industries, a manufacturer of custom vehicle covers and specialty lubricants, for over 20 years. Michael has over 25 years expenerince with textiles in a variety of industries and has performed undergraduate studies in Textile Technology and Textile and Apparel Marketing, as well as graduate studies in Finance.

E-mail: mtrueba@mptidustries.com
Web: http://www.mptindustries.com

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Michael_Trueba_Jr/209977

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New Pool Finish Care

Ok, so you passed on the new big screen TV, gave in on the weekend fishing trip with your best buddies and worked some extra hard hours so that you could get the pool resurfaced. After all you must put into priority what really counts most, right? Well never the less your pool has a new coat of plaster weather it’s a Quartz Finish, a Stone Finish or Conventional Marcite (is that stuff still around?) makes no difference. Hopefully you found the right contractor to do the job and everything went smoothly? Let’s leave that for another article. So your pool is filling and what you do next could absolutely decide how long your new plaster will look new and how long it will last. I kid you not, start-up, aka fire-up of the new finish is one of the most important parts of the re-plastering process. So, you have finally decided to take the plunge and dive-in head first into your swimming pool removal Sydney.

I have found that although you may have used a reputable pool contractor to do a superb job of the actual re-finishing does not necessarily mean they will do a proper fire-up once the pool is filled. Might be that plastering is their forte and only offer the fire-up as a courtesy because there competition does, or they may not offer it all due to the liability of damaging the new finish. So it would certainly behoove you to know exactly what is necessary to safeguard the integrity and warranty of your pool finish. After all, that weekend fishing trip would look pretty good after having your pool refinished only to be stained, streaked and discolored.

The consensus has been: once the pool is filled you need to get the water cleared and balanced as soon as possible (contractor needs that check) That usually meant shocking the pool heavily, balancing the alkalinity, PH and vacuuming the pool to remove the plaster dust and any debris that might have entered the pool during the refill. All done in one day and usually on the day the pool was finished filling.

BIG MISTAKE!

Back in the 70’s & 80’s the plaster of choice (only choice) was conventional Marcite and a recurring problem builders were having with the plaster was a condition known as spot etching. Some other conditions that were prevalent in these same pools were streaking, grey swirls and yellowing of the finish. Everyone in the industry had their own opinion or expert advice as to why this was happening, the only problem was that the industry as a whole could not agree on the “why”. The National Spa & Pool Industry (NSPI) as it was known back then, in conjunction with several pool builders conducted several tests on demo pools to try to come up with a common denominator that could explain the ongoing conditions affecting pool finishes.

Some of the first finger pointing was at the fact that Marcite used to contain Asbestos as part of the plaster mix, for OBVIOUS reasons the EPA had the Manufactures of Marcite remove the Asbestos and low and behold every old-timer in the industry blamed the removal off the Asbestos as the source of all plaster related problems. We know better today that was not true but unfortunately those old-school plasterers are not around anymore, huh? wonder why? So these demo pools were plastered, filled and monitored for about a year. After all the hoopla, all the finger pointing and all the data was in, guess what, the NSPI and the industry determined the common denominator was human error, labor defects, defects in the actual mixing of the plaster on the job-site, defects in the actual application of the plaster, defects in the hand troweling of the plaster as well as the condition of the trowels themselves. Last but not least and most prevalent was the start-up procedure done by most companies.

Houston we have a problem!

How can this be? Was echoed throughout the industry. We are the experts, we’ve been doing this for years and years without these problems, how could all of a sudden our time and tested techniques be the blame for all of our woes? Well like all trades that have have well skilled craftsmen they all had their industry specific niche. Pool plasterers were not born from the industry but transferred from the masonry, concrete and stucco finishing trades. After all swimming pools really did not have their own industry classification until the late 50’s, 60’s and 70’s. Pools were being built by home builders who employed skilled craftsmen, skilled in block laying, carpentry, form work, concrete finishing and plastering.

As the pool industry grew and the industry was able to support the full time employment of pool plasters. Those plasterers came from skilled backgrounds and as the industry continued to grow it attracted all sorts of people trying to get their slice of pool pie. Well unfortunately with all big business comes competition and competition can be a good thing if we all play fair like good little boys and girls. New pool companies were popping up everywhere and everywhere a new pool company started they needed laborers. Notice I said laborers not craftsmen, yes the competition was not playing fair by hiring unskilled labor to reduce the overall cost of the pool. Forcing the craftsmen still left in the industry in keep taking pay cuts until they were finally forced out of the industry by the newbie’s. OK maybe not forced so much as they were ready for retirement anyway.

They sure don’t build them like they used too

Remember that old saying? “they don’t build them like they used too” well the transfer from old school craftsmen to then new pool laborers must have missed quite a few important trade secrets and techniques. Pool plaster “101” is apparently where all the freshmen left, dropped out went to work thinking they knew all there was to know. Here is what unfortunately not passed down to them from the very wise old guys:

1) Thou shall not apply plaster unless the plaster was mixed for “x” amounts of minutes.
2) Thou shall not use well water or unfiltered water for mixing of the plaster.
3) Thou shall not use dirty trowels, worn trowels or poor quality steel trowels.
4) Thou shall not over-trowel the pool plaster.
5) Thou shall not add calcium to the plaster mix.
6) Thou shall not walk bare-foot on finished pool plaster.
7) Thou shall fill pool starting the water in the deep end only.
8) Thou shall not interrupt the filling process until the water reaches the tile line.
9) Thou shall not try to chemically balance the pool all in one day.
10) Thou shall brush, brush and brush the pool for at least 10 days.

I promise you it really was just a coincidence that there are “10” commandments, I mean RULES!

Now let me explain why it took years and years of crying foul and caused an industry to come together to solve the obvious that was not so obvious at the time. Here is what was determined to be the cause of spot etching, grey streaks or swirls, aka mottling and yellowing of the pool plaster:

1) Add plaster and water to a powered mixer, mix until it looks like pancake batter and apply to pool, sounds OK but not true. Turns out that the dry plaster and water need to be mixed for a specific amount of time (5-6min.) before they are considered married (feels like a lifetime!) also plaster that is under-mix can and does false set which requires additional mixing and addition of water to complete the process. The mixing from batch to batch needs to be as consistent as possible to ensure uniform texture and curing all around.

2) The source of the water could be high in metals, low in hardness or vice versa. Tap water or well water could have adverse effects on the plaster’s outcome. Causing staining and streaking.

3) Dirty trowels are dirty trowels no need to say more, but worn trowels have a direct affect on how hard a finisher has to apply pressure to the plaster to get it smooth. The harder the pressure applied to the trowel the more likely the trowel will transfer heat from the friction caused from the exerted pressure and burn the finish, commonly known as “trowel burns”. Trowel burns are what cause the finish to have grayish swirls throughout the pool finish

4) Over-troweling the pool has the same effect on the pool finish even if the tools are clean, in good shape and of good quality. Over troweling usually becomes necessary when the plaster false sets on the finishers and there was a mad frenzy of troweling to try to get the plaster smoothed out before it got too hard.

5) Calcium is well known as an accelerator of cement products, that being said on cooler days, colder climates or day’s with rain in the forecast plasterers found by adding calcium to the plaster mix they could accelerate the set-up time of the plaster therefore in theory finish a pool quicker without having to wait for the plaster to set at its own pace. This practice became more and more common as plaster crews were now able to get 2 and even 3 pools plastered in one day. More PIE! (more like humble pie)

6) Walking barefoot on a freshly plastered pool seemed harmless enough; certainly better then walking on the finish with work boots, shoes or sneakers. The plaster is hard at this point but by no means cured. In-fact it takes about 28 days for plaster to fully cure. The finished plaster acts like a sponge absorbing everything that comes in contact with it. The perfect outline of a foot print usually revealed itself about a month after the pool was completed. The foot print was a result of the natural oil in a person’s skin being absorbed into the plaster, that oil was retained by the plaster as it cured causing the finish to dry darker in the outline of a foot print, pinky toe included.

7) “Hey honey look the pool is filling, sure is filling slow, let’s get another hose in there so it will fill faster!” Run a second hose out to the pool to speed up the filling process also seemed harmless enough so long as the second water hose was added to the deep-end where there already is a growing body of water. When a hose is added, water must hit water and not run down the plaster from the wall or the shallow end as the very absorbent plaster will pull the minerals and impurities’ out of the water flowing down the plaster thus causing a stain/streak.

8) Turning the water fill off for the pool still happens today more often than you might think. A homeowner not being informed about how important the need to let the pool fill until water reached the tile was the main reason for this happening. Typically a pool needs a good 24 to 36 hours to fill depending on the size of the pool and of course water pressure. Mr. & Mrs. Pool owner fearful the pool might over fill during the night would turn the water of at bedtime and resume the next morning. ” Ring around the rosy pocket full of …” Sorry!, Ring around pool as in “a definite water line mark” where the pool water was stopped for several hours then resumed, resulted in a permanent stain.

9) “Patience is a Virtue” except when you’re trying to collect final payment on a pool resurface and the water is green. No GREEN for Mr. Pool Man until the pool is blue. Turns out shocking a pool that has been recently plastered is bad, very, very bad, also turns out that chlorine is the last thing that should be added to the pool for several reasons. That did not make a lot of sense at that time as it was thought without chlorine how could you clear up the water quickly. Filter, Filter, Filter. Ever wonder how a fish tank stays clear without chlorine; a swimming pool is really nothing more than a big o fish tank. Now don’t get me wrong I am not saying you should forgo on the chlorine, or that you can put fish in your pool, but you certainly do not need as much chlorine as you think. We have found that a procedure of adding a Stain & Scale control product, balancing the ph, alkalinity and calcium and running the filter for a few days before adding chlorine is the best way to nurse the newly finished plaster to good health.

10) “Brush, brush, brush that plaster dust away”, has a nice ring to it but truth is everybody hates brushing a pool especially when you are told you must brush at least twice a day. The new plaster is curing and shedding what we call, “plaster dust” plaster dust left untouched can and will resettle on the pool finish and cause yellowing on Marcite and leave a white paste on Stone or Quartz finishes. By brushing the pool constantly you are getting the dust off the surface and out into the water so that the filter can trap the dust as it is circulated. As each day passes the dust will become less and less prevalent until it is all gone, about a week in most cases. From that point on brushing the pool at least once a week is good for the pool and an upper body workout.

FOR A DETAILED GUIDE ON HOW TO START-UP A NEW POOL FINISH PLEASE READ “Proper Chemical Start-Up Guide”

OK you can breathe now, we’re done, grab a cold drink, find your favorite pool float and relax!

Harry Gordon, State Certified Commercial Swimming Pool Contractor and webmaster for [http://www.poolcomfort.com] email: info@poolcomfort.com

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Harry_Gordon/119117

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DIY Electrical Repair – Is it Safe?

Unless you are an electrician, you have to think twice before undertaking a DIY electrical repair. Of course, this could also depend on the kind of electrical repair you need to do. If it’s a very simple job that you are confident you are capable of, a DIY electrical repair may be the sensible thing to do. Could you imagine how good electrician Brisbane Southside.

Get Permission First

In some localities, you have to inform and obtain permission from your electric utility provider before you can undertake a DIY electrical repair. At times, you need to get the consent of a local agency. Aside from following regulations, you will need to be aware of the possible risks. You need to be informed about any electric works going on in your area. For all you know, the problem may not be in your own connections.

Safety First

Before starting any DIY electrical repair, you have to turn off the main electric switch in your house. This will help you avoid possible burns and electric shock. More than that, you have to make sure everything is safe with the use of voltage testers. If you don’t have one, get one if you plan on doing a DIY electrical repair every now and then.

Having the appropriate tools is important when undertaking DIY electrical repairs. This is important to ensure your safety while doing the repair. For instance, using insulated rubber gloves could make a difference to your safety. You should also never tamper with any of the main electricity lines. If you do so, you not only put yourself in danger, you put the whole household, even the whole neighborhood, in danger as well.

Other General DIY Electrical Repair Tips

Never stand on water and other wet surfaces when dealing with electrical repairs. Even your clothes should not be wet or damp either. Standing on rubber mat would provide more safety. Do not use metal ladders.

If you are not sure about your DIY electrical repair abilities, you might as well leave the task to professionals. Even if you end up spending more, it’s also worth it. At least your safety is assured. Your repairs are going to be done correctly. You are sure your electrical problems will be solved. With the professionals handling the repairs, you don’t need to trouble yourself with the repairs.

The harder and the more complicated the repair is, the more reason it is to hire professionals to handle the electrical repairs for you. Again, your safety is always worth the cost of hiring professional help. And if you want the repair to be done the right way, it’s always best to get some help. And since your safety is of importance, spending on the repair is always money well spent.

Of course, you need to make sure you are hiring a qualified electrician. Take note that you should be hiring someone who can do the job better than you. It is only imperative you search for the real professionals. With professionals doing the job instead of you undertaking a DIY electrical repair, you can avoid any harm coming on you. Your electrical problems will be solved, and it can be done so in such a way that is safe for you and your family.

With over two decades in the business, Avner Electric, Inc. works with your best interests at heart. Our trained electricians provide cost effective and quality electrical wiring repairs. Avner Electric, Inc. offers free electrical home inspection and tips on electrical home improvement. You have full permission to reprint this article provided this box is kept unchanged.

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Travel Tips Straight From The Globe Trotting Gurus

A vacation can become a nightmare if you don’t plan ahead properly. The following tips will teach you when planning your next excursion. Canada ski packages can help you plan every detail of your ski holiday in Canada to ensure everything runs smoothly.

Don’t use the computers in your hotel or any other placing offering internet service for looking at sensitive information. There is something called a keylogger that takes your banking information as you type the keys on the computer.

Losing a child sounds absolutely horrifying and scary.

Be aware of certain food allergies when visiting a foreign country to avoid bad liaisons. If you have food allergies, learn all the foreign words for those foods. This will allow you to communicate to others what foods that you are trying to avoid.

Make travel arrangements way ahead of your trip. Despite the many, many share one feature: the earlier you buy them, virtually all of them have a common characteristic: they are cheaper the earlier you purchase them. You can save more money by planning properly.

Be flexible when choosing your vacation destination. While it may be fun to revisit your favorite spots, maintaining some variety in destinations makes your vacations more memorable and relaxing. You can save some money by selecting an alternate destination.

The fewer things carried, the less chance you will have of losing valuables or risking having them stolen.

When it comes to planning your trip, select your digital camera with the needs of your trip in mind. If you are going on an outdoor trip, for example, a camera with a rechargeable battery probably won’t work for you. You also want a camera you can turn off and on quickly and that will focus almost immediately.

You can use them to keep a door closed.

There are a ton of travel ideas out there that welcome pets and vacation sites now. These may include cat spas and doggie day care for your pets. You can being your pets with you; you just need to be certain they are allowed.

Keep track of your most important information and items close to you at all times. Do not use bags with easy access to any of the pockets. These are but a few tips to consider when shopping for a safe bag you wish to take on your travels.

When traveling, it’s a good idea to wear slip on shoes that are light and comfortable. You will have to remove them off quickly for security checks. Flip-flops or slip-on shoes are ideal air travel.

Research currency rates prior to your expenditures. You must know your dollar’s value so you are able to spend and even save money. This will increase your fun while minimizing unnecessary spending.

Take lots of breaks when driving with small children. Breaks may offer you stretch and use the bathroom. Getting a small child out of cars here and there can also help to prevent motion sickness. Your trip may take longer, but you will appreciate the drop in stress.

You can’t really lose something written on the mirror using a dry-erase marker because it’s hard to overlook.You can do this because dry-erase markers and easily erase them from your hotel mirror.

Bring a spare passport photo along on your trip. It is not a stolen or lost. Carrying an extra photo is one way to speed the process up. You should also have copies of any needed documentation to help you get going again.

Be candid when you buy travel insurance. Tell your provider when you may have. You’ll be stuck with all of the bill yourself.

If you are traveling and wear glasses, make sure that you pack a spare pair of glasses. This provides with a spare pair if the glasses you are wearing become damaged you will still be able to see.You may not want to keep them in your carry on bag, or you can pack them into a suitcase if you prefer.

Research local laws and customs of the place your are visiting. You may do something that is considered offensive or possibly illegal, despite you thinking otherwise. Always be respectful of the laws of the places you are traveling.

Take turns driving when you are traveling for extended periods of time. If you completely exhaust yourself before you offer to switch, the driver that takes your place will be alone for the trip while you sleep. Do not drive to the point where you are completely exhausted to quit driving.You should change drivers at least every three hours. This rotation will keep you nice and refreshed for the drive.

Plan and hotel stay well in advance. Some hotels provide packages that include meals and excursions. Decide if this may be something you would like to partake in. Also think about the room you are interested in reserving. For example, light sleepers should avoid rooms near the elevator, do not book rooms near elevators. Ask a lot of questions so you will get the right accommodations for your specific needs and wants.

TSA will randomly inspect packages thus ruining the wrapping job. Instead, pack sheets of wrapping paper, or purchase it when you arrive.

You should always carry a copy of your reservations on you always. This will serve as proof if the car rental company or hotel cannot find your reservation; you are questioned. This simple piece of paper can prevent many problems. Print all of your papers out everything and store it in a folder.

If you will be traveling a long distance, consider renting a car instead of driving your own. You don’t want to put your car.

Pack some snacks when you’re on a plane. Your flight will be miserable if you are hungry. Just remember to avoid bringing along liquid snacks so security issues do not arise. You will arrive at your destination in a happier mood if you have some dry snacks with you.

Travel is mean to be relaxing and fun, but there are times when it becomes quite tiresome if you aren’t sure of the ways to make it run smoother. By implementing the advice found here, you are likely to find your next trip more pleasant.

Cooking: Stir Fry To Saute, Our Secrets Are King

Cooking needs to be completed especially during BBQ events, but you can also make it a fun and delicious hobby. Anyone can learn to cook if they have a good source of information to learn from. The article below has just the ideas that learning material to get you need to inspire the cook in you!

If using skewers made of steel or metal, the square or twisted kind are much better than round ones for holding food in place.

Prepare as much as possible. It is essential that the prep work finished before cooking commences. You can spare yourself a great deal of hassle by doing prep work done early.

Preparation is key when cooking for family or family. Make sure you have all of the ingredients available. This will allay some of your fears and help manifest a more positive outcome.

Partially freezing meat so it becomes easier to slice into thin strips easier. This is perfect for oriental meals that require really thin meat such as Chinese or Thai dishes. However, to ensure that the meat cooks evenly, so it cooks evenly.

To make your French fries crispier, try leaving the raw potatoes in some cold water for half an hour before you fry them.

Quickly cooking vegetables allows them crispier and more nutrient-filled. Vegetables that are cooked slowly can lose a lot of their taste and valuable nutrients. These cooking techniques make the vegetables that are more healthy overall. Cooking vegetables is all about cooking them for the least amount of time possible.

This type of seasoning is commonly used on various other ingredients. Try using it to season roasted pumpkin seeds sprinkled with the seasoning for a tasty snack or mix it in your scrambled eggs. Everyone will beg you to let them in on the secret ingredient and what it might be!

They behave like a sponge and absorb the water. Wipe the mushrooms off by hand with a damp cloth to prepare them for cooking.

You should always look at the product labels before purchasing ingredients for any given recipe. Many common items contain hidden ingredients that can be unhealthy. You want to produce a product that is not high in sugar or salt because both can cause major health problems if eaten too much.

If you are serving a salad with a meal where you have guests, keep the dressing on the side, keep it on the side. Let people add what they want to their own dressing. Make sure you have a selection of dressings to choose from as well.

Leave the bone in your roast when you are cooking and pressed for time.The bone will retain the heat and make the roast.

Do not use any wine when cooking a recipe that you have not tasted. You could try wine that are made for use in cooking.

If you are going to use fresh herbs, like parsley or dill in your food, put them together to form bunches and use scissors to cut them. This will keep the herbs drier and lighter than if they are chopped.

You can make stock yourself.You will have stock on hand for soup and other dishes. Creating your own stock allows you cook.

You should establish a habit of washing the dishes as they are used.

If you want to serve a complicated meal, make it more manageable by prepping the day before. Get everything together beforehand; ensure you have all the ingredients, measure and chop all spices or herbs and make sure that you have what the recipe requires.You can reduce a lot of recipes to a matter of mixing everything together when it’s time for you do good advance preparation.

Be creative in your approach to cooking. Following a recipe word for word and stale. That is the definition of a real chef!

There are several different ways to heat up tortillas. One of the ways you can do this is placing the tortilla on an oven rack that has been preheated to 350 degrees and reach desired cripness. You can also heat the tortillas by placing them on a gas stove. Using these cooking techniques will taste fresher and much tastier tortillas.

A meat thermometer should be used to check that the meats properly. Different types of meat have a certain temperature that is considered safe to eat. Bacteria can easily survive in meat, so unless it is thoroughly cooked, these bacteria can remain and cause you sickness if consumed.

Learn about any new foods that you haven’t cooked with before. You may find that your research leads to many great new ways to use the possibilities you will learn about for food.

Add spices after they are cooked. Pepper, cayenne, cayenne seasoning, and salt are excellent spices. Many people have different things in terms of spices. This will make it so everyone can choose what they would like to put into their way.

Put heavier, then put the lettuce and other ingredients that wilt easily on top.

Microwave citrus fruit before juicing it to get their maximum yield. Heat your fruit for just a short time — usually about ten seconds or so. After removing them, roll it on the counter before you cut it.

Make sure you preheat your oven at least 300 degrees.

Avoid adding salt or garlic to dried beans that have not yet softened. Both garlic and salt will keep your beans from softening.

Cooking isn’t just a matter of providing food. It can be rewarding and delicious to try out. Sometimes your cooking might not be up to par and you will flop, but by using the advice from this article, your flops will occur less often. Gain culinary success with the help of these tips!

The Joy of Collecting Vintage Porcelain Gas Pump Signs and Oil Signs

Enamel Sign Origins

Porcelain signs also called enamel signs were used at the beginning of the century up until the 1970s for advertising because they were durable and weather resistant. Plastic signage replaced the enamel petrol signs and porcelain oil signs as a less expensive form of advertising. Put your company on a sticker and let your business be noticed that what our Absolutesignsolutions.com.au stickers Sydney have been working it out in the past years.

In about the 1890’s, enamel gas station and porcelain petrol and oil signs were imported from Germany where they were manufactured. In order to make an enamel advertising sign, heavy iron was rolled into sheets and cut into various shapes. Thin layers of powdered, colored glass were fused on to the iron sheets. Layer by layer the glass was fused to make the signs durable and highly colored.

The brightly colored signs often had artistic and bold graphics to attract customers. The signs could be hung on walls, outside or inside, they could be placed on hinged stands so that both sides could be read by passers by. These signs, including petrol signs, were attractive and eyecatching. Advertisements would include soda pop, candy bars, cigars, gas, oil, automobiles, tires, railroad stations and telephone booths. Street signs and road signs were also made this way and vintage street signs and road markers are another fun collectible and hobby. Collectors of enamel petrol signs also collect “petroliana”. Petroliana is a term for the glass gas pump signage, oil cans, gas station thermometers (often called “lollipops”) and other gas station memorabilia that is highly sought after.

Workers from Germany came to the United States in the twentieth century and production of these signs took place in the states. Bold graphics and bright hues made these signs recognizably American. Coca-Cola is one of the most recognizable logos that was often displayed on porcelain advertising signs. Steel soon replaced the iron in the United states sign manufacturing process.

Why Gas Signs and Oil Signs are Popular

The bold graphics make these signs highly collectible and a joy to collectors. It was World War II that made these signs hard to come by. The signs were melted down and used for their base metal in an effort to support the war.

While gas station signs, gas logos and oil signs are the most sought after when it comes to collecting enamel gas station signs, it is important to remember that bigger is not always best. A large porcelain sign may be the same price as a small sign from a long extinct gas station. Large porcelain signs are hard to hang and may often be in worse condition due to the fact that they were hung outdoors.

Petrol signs, or gas signs and anything to do with automobiles, car parts gas and oil is the most collected porcelain signage. Country store enamel signs like food advertisement signs run next but petrol collectors are seriously competitive. Petrol gas sign collectors will spend the big bucks for a mint gas or oil sign and this is why the prices in this collectible arena run so high.

Signs like enamel vintage petrol signs are widely collected because they are American history, a symbol of our past, they represent business and products that we have fond memories of but may no longer be made. They display nicely and easily and they just plain look fantastic because of their colorful and bold nature.

Often collectors of petrol signage collect because of a memory associated with the signage or they may work in the car industry. A mechanic, salesman or repairman may have a deep association with the gas and auto signs, like a Ford dealership sign if the collector sells cars, and this association spurs on the collection.

What to Look For When Collecting Enamel Petrol Signs

When it comes to porcelain signs, often it is wise to use your best judgement. Does the sign appeal to you? Is it in good condition? Are you familiar with the logo or brand? Is the logo or brand extinct or out of business? A yes to any of these questions may lead you to the purchase of an excellent enamel gas or oil sign.

You can also look for two things; crazing and a flange. Crazing is when the sign has small cracks or fissures in the glazing. Crazing can dull a finish and make colors look less bright. Small amount of crazing and wear is to be expected but large amounts should be shied away from. Flanged signage is when the sign is bent at a side and may have holes in the bend. This allow for the porcelain gas pump sign to be hung up on a wall or a bracket. A flange does not necessarily add value but it is something to look for. Also, look for rust and condition when you come across an enamel advertising sign that you are thinking about adding to your collection

Logos that are popular are Mobil, Texaco and Gulf. Mobil was founded in 1920. The Mobil brand is highly collectible because of its flying red Pegasus logo. Look for Mobil signage, oil cans, gas globes, containers and paper advertisements. Texaco is memorable for its red star logo and has brands produced under its name like Fire Chief, Indian,and Havoline. Gulf, the familiar round orange logo with blue lettering, is popular for items like gas glass globes, gas pumps, oil bottles and cans, tin and porcelain signs.

For more information about collecting quality vintage get in touch with our guys.

How to Protect Against Corrosion – Powder Coatings

The Short History of Powder Coatings

The essential feature of powder coatings is that the paint is applied in a dry state onto the object. The paint powder is then melted onto the product by putting the product into an oven. Protect your new car’s critical areas against scratches due to road debris, rock chips, bugs and sale with invisible durable urethane paint protection film.

Powder coatings are a postwar invention, when plastics became more sophisti-cated. The powder coating process was patented in 1953 by Dr. Erwin Gemmer.

Until 1965 powder coatings have been only used for functional applications (not aesthetical), where it was applied a layer thickness of 150 to 500 microns. The used powders then were mainly Nylon 11, Cellulose Acetate Butyrate (CAB), Polyethylene, (chlorinated) polyester and thermo curing Epoxies.

Powder coatings process at that time were mostly used for coating boat accessories, metal furniture, dishwasher and washing machine baskets. The process technique to apply powder coatings at that time is called the fluidized bed technology.

The very high layer thicknesses that were the result of the fluidized bed process, were not desirable for many applications. In general counts that the higher the layer thickness, the less smooth the surface texture becomes.

In the US some companies started in the early 70’s to experiment with applying powder coatings by using the now commonly used electrostatic powder gun.

Development of Powder Coatings

Powder coatings give better protection against corrosion than wetpaints. Wetpaints are mainly used when slickness (smoothness) of the surface structure is more important than corrosion and scratch resistance, like for example in cars. Powder coatings are technically superior to wetpaints except in surface smoothness.

Since the slickness of car bodies is one of the most important properties to be regarded as desirable, they are still wetpainted. Otherwise they also they would have been started to powder coat bodies long time ago.

In the late 60’s and early 70’s there were four basic types of thermal curing resins developed that are still used today. These are: Epoxy, Epoxy-Polyester hybrids, Polyurethane and Polyester (TGIC) resins. Since a few years also TGIC-free Polyester coatings are available.

The number of powder coating plants in the world grew fast since the early 70’s. The electrostatic powder coating process took over the environmentally harmful and labor-intensive wetpaintings.

Only in the early 80’s more commercial applications of powder coatings started to emerge, because the equipment began to drop in price and the initial limited choice of color and shine started to expand rapidly. Thereafter, the growth rate went explosively, and the technique began to displace the traditional spraying on most applications.

Applications of Powder Coatings

  • Steel structures,
  • Aluminum frames, windows and doors,
  • Office furniture,
  • Steel fencing,
  • Light fictures,
  • Car bodies and parts,
  • Agricultural machinery,
  • Radiators,
  • Bicycles,
  • Etcetera.

Different Types of Powder Coatings

  • Epoxies
  • Polyesters
  • Epoxy-polyesters
  • Acrylics
  • Polyurethane
  • Epoxy coatings are often used in two-layer system to protect heavy duty steel beams like on the adjacent photograph.

As replacement of the environment unfriendly dip galvanizing, there are nowadays highly advanced Sink-Epoxy powder coatings available. When processed properly in a duplex system, these systems can give up at least 20 to 30 years protection against corrosion.

The Principle of Electrostatic Powder Coating

The essence of powder coating is that tiny solid paint parts are charged in a magnetic field.

By charging the solid powder particles, via the gun, and grounding the metal object, arises a magnetic field between the powder and the object. As soon as the powder particles have left the gun, they start moving towards the grounded product.

The powder particles follow during their travel between the gun and the object the so called (magnetic) field lines. After passing through the magnetic field, the powder particles end up on the product, and adhere at the place where the field lines end, like a magnet on a steel object.

At locations where field lines are weak, there will group also less powder particles.

Composition of Powder Coatings

  • Binder
  • Pigment
  • Filler
  • Hardener
  • Additives

By varying the type of raw material and the proportions, the properties of the coating can be influenced.

  • Main Properties of Powder Coatings
  • Structure Powders
  • Degassing powders
  • Metallics
  • Thin layer Powders
  • Low bake powders (low temperature)

The Faraday Cage Effect

One of the most occurring problems during the application of powder coatings with Corona guns is caused by the Faraday cage effect, because this technique uses an active electrical technique. A problem that the so called Tribo guns don’t have.

In the Corona technique not all the field lines are everywhere equal on the grounded product. Most field lines pinpoint on the outer corners of the product. On the flat surfaces are fewer field lines, and in cavities are the least field lines.

As a result most of the powder will gather on the corners and on sharp edges, and is it often difficult to inject the powder in small cavities.

Corona Versus Tribo

The adjacent picture shows the different results between the Corona and Tribo techniques. The left sample shows the result with the most commonly used Corona gun. And the right shows the result with the Tribo gun.

The Tribo technique has less problems with the Faraday cage effect, because the powder particles are statically charged in the gun itself, and doesn’t use the active charge that the Corona technique uses. But due to a few major disadvantages of the Tribo guns, like lower spray capacity and longer cleaning time during color change, the Corona guns are most used.

By means of the correct settings of equipment, the Faraday cage effect can be reduced, but cannot be avoided completely. Hence, the operator must often squirt manually to fill cavities of objects. Because of this, the production process becomes more labor intensive, and thus more expensive. Therefore, it is now an often well practiced part during the design process, to avoid unnecessary cavities in products, in order to avoid insufficient coverage.

Recovery

An important advantage of powder coating in contrast to liquid coatings, is that the recovered powder can be reused.

The powder particles leaving the cyclone (at the middle on the picture above) at the bottom side are returned to the storage tank. It is often assumed that all of the powder that ends up in the suction is fully recovered. In reality, it is only 80%, sometimes even less. This depends on the type of cyclone, and the condition of the filters in the extraction system.

If the filters are clogged, the air velocity in the cyclone will drop, and this diminishes the recovery power of the cyclone. As a result, larger amount of powder particles are also separated off as waste.

Color Change

The cleaning of the cabin is a very significant efficacy. The quality of the cleaning has much influence on the quality of the final product. In modern installations, the color change procedure can be performed in less than 10 minutes, whereas with older systems sometimes takes up to an hour.

Insufficient cleaning of the booth, the suction tubes or the cyclone leads to color contaminations. Any color contamination leads to rejection at the quality control. Get in touch for keeping your car paint protected from any dents.